učitavam...
Na vrh

Ovo je automatski prijevod.
Kliknite ovdje da biste pročitali publikaciju na izvornom jeziku.

In 1836, a branch of the Yar restaurant on Kuznetsky Most was opened in Petrovsky Park. Originally it was a wooden one-story building. In 1871, the Moscow merchant F.I. Aksenov became the owner of the restaurant.


The building "Yara" on the St. Petersburg highway, built by Adolf Erichson. 1909-1913
In July 1896, Yar was acquired by former waiter Alexei Akimovich Sudakov. In 1910, on his behalf, the architect Adolf Erichson built a new Art Nouveau building, [1] with large faceted domes, arched windows and monumental metal lamps on the facade. Inside, the Big and Small Halls, the imperial box and classrooms were arranged. The restaurant has become very popular among the Russian elite. Among the visitors to the Yar were Savva Morozov, Plevako, Chekhov, Kuprin, Gorky, Chaliapin and Rasputin.

After the October Revolution, the restaurant was closed. For some time, during the NEP period, a restaurant was still operating in the Yara building. Later it housed a cinema, a gym for Red Army fighters, a hospital, a film school from 1925, and a VGIK in 1930-1938 [2]. In 1939, the building was rebuilt under the club by architect P. N. Ragulin and N. I. Mechanikov [3], the ceiling was painted by artist P. D. Korin. Since the end of the 1930s, the Central House of the Civil Air Fleet (Club of Pilots) was located here, during the years of World War II - the Air Force Club.

In 1952, by order of Joseph Stalin, the building was once again rebuilt by architects P.P. Shteller, I.I. Loveyko and V.V. Lebedev in the style of the Stalinist Empire style with a partial preservation of the previous volumes and premises. Along Raskova Street, a new building was added to the existing building, where hotel rooms were placed. For the design of the hotel, its authors were awarded the Stalin Prize [4]. This hotel was home to Vasily Stalin. Now, apartment number 301 of the hotel is named after him.

Since 1969, part of the hotel’s premises and the neighboring building, according to Erichson’s project, have been occupied by the Romani Gypsy Theater. Since 1998, the restaurant at the hotel is again called the Yar; fragments of the interior of a 1910 restaurant were restored in the building [5].

In 1998, the building was renovated. In the hotel, according to old drawings, the Malachite Hall was restored: the frescoes of the beginning of the 20th century were restored on the ceiling and walls, the chandelier of 1912 was put in order and the lamps of 1952 were repaired. [6]

Download: 2.jpg (3 megabytes)

Ovo je automatski prijevod.
Kliknite ovdje da biste pročitali publikaciju na izvornom jeziku.

Ovaj je post dostupan na sljedećim jezicima:
Deutsch   English   Español   Français   Italiano   中文   Русский  

Prijavi zlostavljanje